For my yaya and all our OFWs

By Nicole del Rosario CuUnjieng

… Ana is but one of the now overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) whom our country has failed. Our political-economic system has not provided adequate resources and support to make upward mobility possible, so those without opportunity have voted with their feet and left our country. Invest Philippines writes: “Remittances from the nearly 10 million Filipinos abroad are the biggest change of the past decade in the Philippine economy…Remittances from Filipinos working abroad have become the economy’s second largest source of foreign capital…They have created an underlying floor for the economy that some economists believe accounts for about 4% annual economic growth and shielded the conservative Philippine elite from pressure to reform the status quo.”

Given the continuing and egregious inequality in our country, we likely would have already had a revolution had employment abroad not created a valve to release such social and economic pressure. Yet, even as the sweat of our overseas workers—who endure predatory exploitation and sacrifice their lives—provides crucial ballast to our economy, inclusive economic growth eludes us. The government hails the OFWs as the “bayani” of our country, and they truly are, yet such heroization of and support for the massive exportation of our people does not absolve our government and society from their duties to provide opportunity for Filipinos in their own country.

A friend in Hong Kong calculated for me what her maid earns working 4-5 days a week for her there. After subtracting the cost of her Hong Kong rent, she has approximately P42,000 a month. A public school teacher in the Philippines teaching two shifts of kindergarten students for 12 hours a day may make as little as 6,000 pesos a month. No wonder our country’s teachers, nurses, and even doctors continue to prefer to live as second-class citizens in Hong Kong, Qatar, and still more distant shores. They live their whole lives away, in the borrowed quarters of somebody else’s life, with somebody else’s family, taking care of another’s baby, while their own children grow up not knowing their mothers. We cannot continue to allow them to prop up our country while domestic corruption and indifference to the plight of our impoverished both at home and abroad squander their sacrifice.

The elite get off easily in this. The poor just want to get by, and so the rich feel no true pressure from them to implement socially progressive reforms or to create the conditions for others to share in their good fortune. Some anomalous examples of wealthy, self-made professionals exist, but largely what we have seen over the last half century in terms of change and of true wealth creation are merely the up-and-down movements of those who already had some kind of foot in the game. The idea of doing well for oneself here–of becoming wealthy in a legal and plausible way–does not exist for the vast majority of our people. While I understand that the reasons our economic growth has largely been jobless growth are myriad and complex, and that a deepening manufacturing sector portends more inclusive growth in the coming future, our measure of success as our economy grows must be our ability to lift people out of poverty and to create opportunity and possibility here at home. This is particularly owed given the painful source of much of the economic growth enjoyed over the last decade, and the lives that were sacrificed for it along the way.


  1. @Nicole, in a classless society, only the educated elite, among the other political,economic and socially ascribed elites, can enjoy the privilege of their class. It is true that powerful elites in our country have always been a stumbling block to govt-instituted reforms whenever their interests are compromised. Most often due to the influence of false religious practices, cultural habits and biases. Hence, we cannot attain sustainable economic growth because the elites in our country do not want or apatheitic to vital interests of the poor whose sacrifices are ignored. recent example, the DOH allocates more funds no stem cell research which will benefit the rich patients while we have no budget for local/regional hospitals. Also, govt hospitals are planned to be privatized.,,etc. …ad naseum

  2. A clear and rather sad rendition of history, leading to the question of, what, specifically can be done about it? (1) FOI, (2) anti-dynasty law, (3) anti-trust law, (4) promoting family responsibility (it is not that jobs aren’t being created, it is just that they can’b be created fast enough to feed all the newborn hunger), (5) forming a political party that is genuinely for the disenfranchised, but that loses the leftist chants and rants and lunatic calls for destroying stability. As if impeaching an earnest president is a step forward . . . versus more of the same coup mentality that mistakes any action for good action. And criticize the Harry Roques of the world, intelligent people of connection who believe a President Binay is the best thing that can happen to the Philippines.